格鲁吉亚的葡萄酒之乡:完全指南

美丽阿拉扎尼河流域格鲁吉亚卡赫季州省
马克西姆·奥泽罗夫/盖蒂图片社

当然,Tbilsi的冷静放荡不羁的侧面和游客上升TECHNO现场绘制之前从未像现在这样,但没有前往格鲁吉亚是完全没有品尝一些国家的著名的葡萄酒。 And there’s plenty to try: 500 of the world’s 4,000 grape varieties are native to Georgia, with 30 major types grown for wine production.

格鲁吉亚可以自豪地夸耀它的葡萄酒的最新证据日期回8000的发源地年,但对外面的世界葡萄酒和生活远离高加索人,它仍然是一个有点新奇。 And while you can expect both Georgian and European grapes to be grown here, resulting in reds, whites, rosés, and sparkling wines, Georgian wine is famous for being able to offer something quite different to the wine world: Amber wine (you might also hear it referred to as “orange wine”).这是一个白葡萄酒,但它的葡萄带皮发酵,像红葡萄酒。 This is traditionally done in "qvevri,"土罐被放置在地上休息的下方,一个过程,以便特别是在联合国教科文组织非物质文化遗产名录。 What you get is a rustic wine with a distinct clay and cave-y taste on the palette, but it’s solid enough that you can pair it with heartier food like khachapuri and grilled meats. The amber wine also has gorgeous coloration that runs from an almost rosé-like blush to a stronger golden sunset color, and you can expect it to change over a day or two of having it open in both color and taste.

格鲁吉亚是理所当然深感自豪的酒(和可以喝它的一个惊人的量)。 Wine is drunk only after toasts, which are taken seriously enough to be an art form (but with plenty of good humor). The flatlands of Kakheti, where the grapes are grown, are also where some of Georgia’s biggest battles once took place. The country has been invaded over the centuries by the Mongols, Byzantines, and Persians (the latter quite a few times). During times of drought, the vines planted there will dig deep into the soil for water—so far, it's said, that when you drink Georgian wine, you drink the blood of the ancestors.

如何参观

格鲁吉亚之行是尽量广泛的国家的葡萄酒,并且做的最好的方式,是在卡赫季州,那里的主要葡萄酒产区之旅的最佳时间70%的格鲁吉亚葡萄酒生产。 There are buses to and from Tbilisi and around the region, or it’s about an hour-and-20-minute drive east of Tbilisi if you rent a car, the better if you want to go at your own pace or wander a bit.

But with a tour, you don’t have to worry about getting there and back after a few drinks or getting lost, homemade meals are taken care of, and it gives you a great opportunity to talk shop or learn more about wine with the winemakers. (A lot of the wine production in Georgia is small-scale, so winery visits tend to feel a bit more intimate than they might with trips to larger vineyards.) If a private tour isn’t your thing, group tours are also widely available. Or if you’re staying in Tbilisi, there are a ton of great tours, both private and group, that depart from city center.GetYourGuide,例如,与当地运营商合作,提供一个真正伟大的私人全天参观的卡赫季州。

There aren’t a lot of bad times to visit the wineries, but if you want to see the vines in full glory, head there just before harvest season, which runs roughly mid-September through mid-October, sometimes earlier or later depending on when the grapes are ready. Or, better yet, come for harvest season itself, or "rtveli," the harvest holiday—it’s definitely a festive time of year.

格鲁吉亚卡克提葡萄酒产区的葡萄园,Telavi wineyards,高加索。
k_samurkas / Getty Images

酒厂参观

Khereba:这个大型酒庄种植格鲁吉亚和欧洲的葡萄,酿造多达50种不同的葡萄酒,是最受游客欢迎的景点之一。它在其位于Kvareli的网站上提供了一个独特的转折。1962年,世界葡萄与葡萄酒大会(World Congress of Vine and Wine)修建了一条长约5英里的隧道,游客通过隧道的一部分被带进一座山,了解那里出产的葡萄酒,并亲自品尝。隧道的温度为53.6到57.2华氏度,湿度为70%,是保存葡萄酒的理想场所。餐厅里的景色也很美。

Shumi:来参加品酒会的花园吧,留下参观博物馆吧,那里有近300种生热的葡萄和非常非常古老的酿酒蜉蝣,让你在这一丰富传统的历史中勾画出一条道路。他们生产的葡萄酒也很好:“舒米”公司,是一个用来描述最好的葡萄酒的词。这在一定程度上要归功于监督酿酒过程每一部分的公司。和其他地方一样,不要指望在品尝上花大钱:价格从8欧元起。不要不尝试白兰地或chacha,这是一种类似葡萄汁的饮料(传统上在家里酿造),也是用酿酒后的残留物蒸馏而成。

Teliani谷:想找点不一样的地方,可以去Teliani Valley,这是一家很受欢迎的酿酒厂,生产符合欧洲风格的葡萄酒。长达一小时的旅行,带领客人完成酿酒过程的每一步,全年都有,在收获季节,客人被邀请参加一年一度的rtveli。

在哪里住

该地区的两个主要城镇是西格纳吉(Sighnaghi)和泰拉维(Telavi),前者是该地区颇受游客欢迎的旅游基地,后者是其首府。前者更上镜,因为它的红色屋顶在树木之间,前景是积雪覆盖的山脉。酒店Kabadoni是一家现代化的四星级酒店,被广泛认为是在城里最好的住宿,加上一个出色的水疗中心。

虽然小镇周围有很多酒庄,但卡克提的其他一些著名酒庄离小镇更远。但如果你去了那么远的地方,你就不会被困住了——这个地区最美丽的地方就是酿酒厂本身。很多地方都有很棒的餐厅,菜单和酒瓶搭配在一起,房间干净而传统。而且,在经历了一两次旅行之后,倒在枕头上就好了,不用担心回到城里。

双胞胎酒店:这家小酒店坐落在纳帕鲁里小镇上,离卡克提的首都特拉维只有一小段车程。它的17个房间陈设简单,但舒适和干净,和现场餐厅提供伟大的格鲁吉亚食物。如果你想在品尝后活动活动筋骨,徒步旅行也在附近。


城堡仅
位于特拉维市,城堡提供一个豪华酒店旁边的葡萄园。该酒厂生产的Winiveria葡萄酒在乔治亚州广泛销售。这也是美食家们度过周末的好地方。客人还可以学习如何制作传统的糖果,蒸馏茶,烤传统的面包在这里。

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